Although many people know what bunions are, most of them encounter different issues when it comes down to recognizing the signs and symptoms of this condition. In case you are one of these persons, you must know that the most common bunion symptom is pain. Many individuals with a bunion feel pain whenever they walk or put their shoes on. Two other common symptoms include deformation and enlargement of the big toe. Over time, this condition leads to chronic pain, which can be alleviated only with the help of certain medications.
More about Bunion Symptoms
Besides pain, enlargement, and deformation of the big toe, bunions can also be recognized and diagnosed with the help of two other symptoms, such as tenderness and redness of the affected area. However, it is important to know that doctors tend to confuse a bunion with two other conditions, namely gout and arthritis. In order to avoid providing the wrong diagnosis, the specialists analyze specific factors that can help them to choose the correct diagnosis.
Most doctors are able to diagnose a bunion by assessing the aforementioned symptoms and checking the toe. During the physical examination, the doctor also verifies the foot’s anatomy. In case the specialist is unsure about the diagnosis, he or she may require radiographs, which can show the joint’s integrity. Additionally, the radiographies are capable to highlight any underlying conditions that may be confused with bunions.
A bunion can also relate to some other symptoms like blisters, infections, and irritated and thick skin. When this condition exacerbates, it can cause severe pains that affect the entire foot. If the deformity caused by a bunion becomes severe, it can permanently impair the mechanical function of the foot.
Possible Complications Because of Bunions
A bunion may trigger a series of complications, such as calluses, corns, ingrown toenails, and so-called hammer toe. In some cases, people also suffer from irritation of different nerves that surround the affected location. Irritation of nerves causes numbness or burning sensations. Calluses or corns can result due to rubbing the affected part against shoes. In addition, many people develop the so-called hammer toe, which affects the toe next to the great toe. Ingrown nails usually result from the increased pressure on the affected toe.
Correctly assessing the bunion symptoms is very important because only this way a specialist can provide the right diagnosis and treatment. He or she may ask the patients a series of additional questions that relate to recent injuries, activities and sports they practice, and type of footwear they wear. Giving exact information about these symptoms is crucial if the person in cause wants to receive the right treatment for bunions.